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Moluscos marinos prehistóricos - El Ortocono

Nigel Marven retrocede en el tiempo para nadar junto a un Ortocono, uno de los depredadores de aguas profundas más grande de los períodos ordovícico y silúrico. El ortocono (Orthoceras) era un molusco cefalópodo parecido a un calamar gigante pero que disponía de una concha de forma cónica que recubre su cuerpo.


An orthocone is a usually long straight shell of a nautiloid cephalopod. During the 18th and 19th centuries, all shells of this type were named Orthoceras, but it is now known that many groups of nautiloids developed or retained this type of shell.

An orthocone can be thought of as like a Nautilus shell, but with the shell straight and uncoiled. It was previously believed that these represented the most primitive form of nautiloid, but it is now known that the earliest nautiloids had shells that were slightly curved. An orthoconic form evolved several times among cephalopods, and among nautiloid cephalopods is prevalent among the ellesmerocerids, endocerids, actinocerids, orthocerids, and bactritids.

Orthocones existed from the Late Cambrian to the Late Triassic, but they were most common in the early Paleozoic. Revivals of the orthocone design later occurred in other cephalopod groups, notably baculitid ammonites in the Cretaceous Period. Orthocone nautiloids range in size from less than an inch to (in some giant endocerids of the Ordovician) seventeen feet (or five meters) long.

Fuente:  wikipedia

Gracias por leer & compartir el calamar gigante

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